Catalase predicts in-hospital mortality after out-of-hospital cardiac arrest

Anton Früh, Andrea Bileck, Besnik Muqaku, Raphael Wurm, Benjamin Neuditschko, Henrike Arfsten, Lukas Galli, Lukas Kriechbaumer, Pia Hubner, Georg Goliasch, Gottfried Heinz, Michael Holzer, Fritz Sterz, Christopher Adlbrecht, Christopher Gerner, Klaus Distelmaier

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


The generation of harmful reactive oxygen species (ROS), including hydrogen peroxide, in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest (OHCA) survivors causes systemic ischemia/reperfusion injury that may lead to multiple organ dysfunction and mortality. We hypothesized that the antioxidant enzyme catalase may attenuate these pathophysiological processes after cardiac arrest. Therefore, we aimed to analyze the predictive value of catalase levels for mortality in OHCA survivors. In a prospective, single-center study, catalase levels were determined in OHCA survivors 48 h after the return of spontaneous circulation. Thirty-day mortality was defined as the study end point. A total of 96 OHCA survivors were enrolled, of whom 26% (n = 25) died within the first 30 days after OHCA. The median plasma intensity levels (log2 ) of catalase were 8.25 (IQR 7.64–8.81). Plasma levels of catalase were found to be associated with mortality, with an adjusted HR of 2.13 (95% CI 1.07–4.23, p = 0.032). A Kaplan–Meier analysis showed a significant increase in 30-day mortality in patients with high catalase plasma levels compared to patients with low catalase levels (p = 0.012). High plasma levels of catalase are a strong and independent predictor for 30-day mortality in OHCA survivors. This indicates that ROS-dependent tissue damage is playing a crucial role in fatal outcomes of post-cardiac syndrome patients.

FachzeitschriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 30 Aug. 2021
Extern publiziertJa


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