Diagnostic performance of two serological assays for the detection of SARS-CoV-2 specific antibodies: surveillance after vaccination

Alba Fresco-Taboada, Marga García-Durán, Cristina Aira, Lissett López, Patricia Sastre, Lia van der Hoek, Marit J. van Gils, Philip J.M. Brouwer, Rogier W. Sanders, Barbara Holzer, Irene Zimpernikc, Eduardo López-Collazo, Patricia Muñoz, Paloma Rueda, Carmen Vela

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

Massive vaccination programs are being carried out to limit the SARS-CoV-2 pandemic that started in December 2019. Serological tests are of major importance as an indicator of circulation of the virus and to assess how vaccine-induced immunity progresses. An Enzyme-Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA) and a Lateral Flow Assay (LFA) have been developed based on the SARS-CoV-2 recombinant Receptor Binding Domain (RBD) and the combination of Spike and Nucleoprotein, respectively. The validation with 1272 serum samples by comparison with INgezim COVID 19 DR showed good diagnostic performance (sensitivity: 93.2%-97.2%; specificity: 98.3%-99.3%) for detection of previous contact with SARS-CoV-2. Moreover, according to our results, these assays can help in the serosurveillance during and after vaccination, by detecting the humoral immune response as soon as 15 days postvaccination and identifying low-respondents. Hence, these tests could play a key role in the progression to a COVID-19 free world, helping to adjust future vaccination protocols.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer115650
Seiten (von - bis)115650
Seitenumfang1
FachzeitschriftDiagnostic Microbiology and Infectious Disease
Jahrgang102
Ausgabenummer4
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 4 Apr. 2022
Extern publiziertJa

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