Do “one-size” employment policies fit all young workers? Heterogeneity in work attribute preferences among the Millennial generation

E.S. Ng, A. Posch, T. Köllen, N. Kraiczy, N. Thom

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

There has been a stream of research that explores how the present generation of workers (i.e., Millennials) may be different from previous generations (e.g., Baby Boomers and Gen Xers). This line of research often considers Millennials as homogeneous and concludes any differences to be “generational effects.” However, it is unlikely for a generation, which spans almost 20 years, to be uniformly homogeneous with respect to their work values and attitudes. Findings on generational differences conducted in the United States are also often generalized to other countries, ignoring the potential for national influences. In this regard, we apply a multi-method approach using three samples to demonstrate that there are differences within the Millennial generation that affect work values, preferences for work/life balance, and attraction to employer attributes. Specifically, we focus on the heterogeneity resulting from differences in age, gender, relationship status, and nationality. Our results suggest that Millennials are not as homogeneous as we assumed, and this can limit the effectiveness of managerial policies designed to improve individual and work outcomes for an entire generation of workers. Our study demonstrates that it is important for us to understand how individual, relational, and contextual factors may contribute to the heterogeneity within a generation. JEL CLASSIFICATION M12, M14, M54 © The Author(s) 2022.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
FachzeitschriftBRQ Business Research Quarterly
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 2022
Extern publiziertJa

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