Inhibition of adenovirus multiplication by short interfering RNAs directly or indirectly targeting the viral DNA replication machinery

D. Kneidinger, M. Ibrišimović, T. Lion, R. Klein

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

Human adenoviruses are a common threat to immunocompromised patients, e.g., HIV-positive individuals or solid-organ and, in particular, allogeneic stem cell transplant recipients. Antiviral drugs have a limited effect on adenoviruses, and existing treatment modalities often fail to prevent fatal outcome. Silencing of viral genes by short interfering RNAs (siRNAs) holds a great promise in the treatment of viral infections. The aim of the present study was to identify adenoviral candidate targets for RNA interference-mediated inhibition of adenoviral replication. We investigated the impact of silencing of a set of early, middle, and late viral genes on the replication of adenovirus 5 in vitro. Adenovirus replication was inhibited by siRNAs directed against the adenoviral E1A, DNA polymerase, preterminal protein (pTP), IVa2, hexon, and protease genes. Silencing of early and middle genes was more effective in inhibiting adenovirus multiplication than was silencing of late genes. A siRNA directed against the viral DNA polymerase mRNA decreased viral genome copy numbers and infectious virus progeny by several orders of magnitude. Since silencing of any of the early genes directly or indirectly affected viral DNA synthesis, our data suggest that reducing viral genome copy numbers is a more promising strategy for the treatment of adenoviral infections than is reducing the numbers of proteins necessary for capsid generation. Thus, adenoviral DNA replication was identified as a key target for RNAi-mediated inhibition of adenovirus multiplication. In addition, the E1A transcripts emerged as a second important target, because its knockdown markedly improved the viability of cells at late stages of infection. © 2012 Elsevier B.V.
OriginalspracheEnglisch
Seiten (von - bis)195-207
Seitenumfang13
FachzeitschriftAntiviral Research
Jahrgang94
Ausgabenummer3
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 10 Apr. 2012
Extern publiziertJa

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