Inversion within the haloalkaliphilic virus φCh1 DNA results in differential expression of structural proteins

N. Rössler, R. Klein, H. Scholz, A. Witte

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


The sequence of φCh1 contains an open reading frame (int1) in the central part of its genome that belongs to the λ integrase family of site-specific recombinases. Sequence similarities to known integrases include the highly conserved tetrad R-H-R-Y. The flanking sequences of int1 contain several direct repeats of 30 bp in length (IR-L and IR-R), which are orientated in an inverted direction. Here, we show that a recombination active region exists in the genome of φCh1: the number of those repeats, non-homologous regions within the repeat clusters IR-L and IR-R and the orientation of the int1 gene vary in a given virus population. Within this study, we identified circular intermediates, composed of the int1 gene and the inwards orientated repeat regions IR-L and IR-R, which could be involved in the recombination process itself. IR-L and IR-R are embedded within ORF34 and ORF36 respectively. As a consequence of the inversion within this region of φCh1, the C-terminal parts of the proteins encoded by ORF34 and 36 are exchanged. Both proteins, expressed in Escherichia coli, interact with specific antisera against whole virus particles, indicating that they could be parts of φCh1 virions. Expression of the protein(s) in Natrialba magadii could be detected 98 h after inoculation, which is similar to other structural proteins of φCh1. Taken together, the data show that the genome of φCh1 contains an invertible region that codes for a recombinase and structural proteins. Inversion of this segment results in a variation of these structural proteins.
Seiten (von - bis)413-426
FachzeitschriftMolecular Microbiology
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 19 März 2004
Extern publiziertJa

Dieses zitieren