Multiplexed Bead-Based Peptide Immunoassays for the Detection of Antibody Reactivities

Silvia Schönthaler, Jasmin Huber, Manuela Hofner, Yasmin Gillitschka, Regina Soldo, Lisa Milchram, Klemens Vierlinger, Christa Nöhammer, Andreas Weinhäusel

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung


Antigenic peptides are commonly used in serological test settings such as enzyme-linked immunosorbent assays (ELISA) to determine reactive antibodies (ABs) from serum or plasma samples. The use of synthetic peptides provides advantages like lower production effort and easier incorporation of specific chemical modifications compared to full-length antigenic proteins. Multiplexed antibody (AB) profiling methods such as microarray technologies enable the simultaneous identification of multiple novel biomarkers for the use in early disease diagnostics, vaccine development, or monitoring of immune responses. Despite various benefits they still show major limitations which can be overcome with bead-based assay technologies like the multi-analyte profiling (xMAP) technology developed by Luminex. In this chapter we introduce our established workflow for AB profiling with a multiplexed bead-based peptide immunoassay. The workflow is based on copper-catalyzed click chemistry to immobilize designed synthetic peptides onto uniquely color-coded paramagnetic beads in an orientation-specific manner. The individual peptide-coupled beads can be distinguished by their unique emission spectra during readout in the xMAP instrument and therefore allow testing of up to 500 different antigenic peptides in one multiplexed reaction. The multistep process described in this chapter is divided into separate sections for peptide design, coupling of functionalized peptides to MagPlex beads via click chemistry, confirmation of successful peptide immobilization, processing of serum or plasma samples, or preferably purified IgG thereof, with the multiplexed bead-based peptide immunoassay and subsequent data export and analysis.

Seiten (von - bis)505-533
FachzeitschriftMethods in molecular biology (Clifton, N.J.)
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - 12 Feb. 2023
Extern publiziertJa


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