Response to Immunization against SARS-CoV-2 and Risk of Omicron Infection in Dialysis Patients: A Prospective Cohort Study

Johannes Werzowa, Martina Behanova, Ammon Handisurya, Florian Heger, Alexander Indra, Barbara Holzer, Thomas Dechat, Silvia Spitzer, Sandra Lederer, Daniel A Kraus, Jochen Zwerina, Ruth D E Fritsch-Stork

Publikation: Beitrag in FachzeitschriftArtikelBegutachtung

Abstract

It is not well established to what extent previous immunizations offer protection against infections with the SARS-CoV-2 Omicron variant in dialysis patients. We aimed to define the relevant humoral response in dialysis patients using a SARS-CoV-2 IgG chemiluminescence microparticle immunoassay (CMIA) compared to the activity of neutralizing antibodies assessed by a virus neutralization test. Next, we aimed to determine differences in humoral and cellular response levels over time among patients infected or not infected by the Omicron variant of SARS-CoV-2. Immunological parameters of cellular and humoral response to SARS-CoV-2 were analyzed at baseline and after 3 (T3), 6 (T6) and 14 months (T14). In this monocentric cohort study, we followed 110 dialysis patients (mean age 68.4 ± 13.7 years, 60.9% male) for a median of 545 days. We determined an anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG level of 56.7 BAU/mL as an ideal cut-off value with a J-index of 90.7. Patients infected during the Omicron era had significantly lower ( p < 0.001) mean antibody levels at T0 (3.5 vs. 111.2 BAU/mL), T3 (269.8 vs. 699.8 BAU/mL) and T6 (260.2 vs. 513.9 BAU/mL) than patients without Omicron infection. Patients who developed higher antibody levels at the time of the basic immunizations were less likely to become infected with SARS-CoV-2 during the Omicron era. There is a need to adjust the cut-off values for anti-SARS-CoV-2 IgG levels in dialysis patients.

OriginalspracheEnglisch
Aufsatznummer4983
FachzeitschriftJournal of Clinical Medicine
Jahrgang12
Ausgabenummer15
DOIs
PublikationsstatusVeröffentlicht - Aug. 2023
Extern publiziertJa

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